Part C. City and Community An Age of Transformation, The Economist, May 31, The transformation that The Economist assesses is the transformation of America from urban and rural life to suburban life. More people live in the suburbs than cities and rural areas together. In the past cities excelled in jobs and heterogeneity.
Now these characterize the suburbs. Arnold Brown explores a wide range of changes wrought by online relationships and activities and how they affect individuals and organizations. They are increasingly impacting identity formation and reformation. Poverty and Income Inequalities A World Enslaved, E.
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He claims that there are , slaves in Haiti. This is how he begins his expose of worldwide slavery. The Rule of the Rich, Bill Moyers, The Progressive, February It is common knowledge that large corporations and the rich have massive influence over the American political system and its policies, but Bill Moyers sheds considerable light on the methods and processes whereby the rich rule this country.
He uses stories and history to stir us to the point where we want to fight the corruption of the system. Gans describes how the poor are more resented and victimized in America compared to other industrial nations and are minimally helped by social programs. Our policies and the functioning of our economy favor upper groups and give little opportunities for the poor.
Connecting the Dots, David K. Shipler, from John Edwards et al. The obvious aspects are the lack of good jobs, lack of skills, and lack of opportunity. Less obvious are the reasons why the steps to eliminate poverty are not taken. David K. Shipler explains how multiple problems intersect and make it nearly impossible for many of the poor to get out and stay out of poverty.
Welfare and Welfare Reform TANF was a success because it caused welfare rolls to shrink, but some problems remain. Racial and Ethnic Issues and Inequalities Inequalities That Endure? Change occurs but change is also resisted by those who fail to perceive the workings of the persisting inequalities in America. It was a white affirmative action program and though it has been cut back some it is still in existence. Whites, however, are ignorant of its presence because they have come to assume that they have earned all that they have.
Understanding Unconscious Bias and Unintentional Racism, Jean Moule, Phi Delta Kappan, January Jean Moule identifies unconscious bias that leads to unintentional racism of which the perpetrators are usually unaware.
These biases are based on stereotypes and are hard to correct at both the conscious and especially the subconscious levels. Moule points out the many very negative impacts that unconscious biases cause. Part D. Sex Inequalities and Issues Female Power, The Economist, January 2, Do you agree with The Economist that "The economic empowerment of women across the rich world is one of the most remarkable revolutions of the past 50 years.
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It is remarkable because of the extent of the change. More women are working than men. Over 50 percent of managers are women.
Three-fifths of college degrees will be earned by women. The deeper question behind these facts is whether modern life that favors verbal skills over physical skills is loading the dice in favor of women? Who Rules America? Power, Politics, and Social Change, G. William Domhoff is the leading proponent of the power elite view of American politics, which is explained in this article as it applies to political influence in America today.
Judis, democracy is threatened because so many institutions are losing their impartiality and are becoming highly politicalized or ideologically narrow. The judicial system and public academic institutions must be impartial in their judicial decisions, teaching and research. Also, countries are better off when their news media and sources of information are largely professional and unbiased. Foresight for Government, David M. They must prepare for the future. David M. Walker, the comptroller general of the United States, is responsible for making the Government Accountability Office an anticipatory agency and discusses some of greatest future challenges that our government must face.
It "means growth, but also instability. It is driven by self-interest greed to produce good products at low cost for high sales and good profits, but self-interest can go astray when institutions fail to turn self-interest into socially beneficial actions. The top research universities and liberal arts colleges may be the best in the world but the rest should be improved in eight ways: 1 measure how much students learn in college, 2 end merit aid which largely funds the children of upper-income families, 3 make the bachelor degree a three-year degree, 4 revive the core curriculum it is out of date , 5 bring back homework a half century ago it was 25 hours a week, now 15 , 6 tie public funds to finishing college, 7 cap athletic subsidies, and 8 stop re-teaching high school in community college.
These proposals should provoke debates.
Medical Guesswork, John Carey, BusinessWeek, May 29, John Cary reports that most doctors' medical decisions are based on very little empirical evidence. His report features medical crusader Dr. David Eddy who is championing evidence-based medicine.
Pandemic Pandemonium, Josh N. Ruxin warns that the worst health problem today is the eminent danger of a pandemic. Pandemic threats include AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and influenza. Developed countries are not too concerned about these diseases but their vitality in poor countries allows for the development of very dangerous strands of these diseases that can threaten a large part of the world. In Search of the Spiritual, Jerry Adler, Newsweek, August September 5, Jerry Adler presents a full and rich report on spirituality and religion in America which covers both statistics and practices.
Population and Environmental Issues These are very challenging trends that will collapse many governing structures unless major adaptive changes are made. Lester R. Brown proposes conservation, productivity, and consumption changes to address the food crisis. Immigration Benefits America, Steven J. Gold argues that immigration socially and economically benefits America even though many immigrants come from cultures quite different from ours.
Many voice fears that immigrants will change our culture and society for the worse, but history shows that America successfully assimilates immigrants from quite different backgrounds. Three thresholds have already been crossed and three are close to being crossed. The authors conclude that the planet is in bad shape and threatening human civilization unless adaptive actions are taken immediately. Conquering Climate Change, Dennis M. But how much certainty is required before ameliorative actions are taken?
Dennis M. Bushnell explores this issue and recommends serious actions immediately to avoid or minimize many potential devastating consequences. Technology for Better or for Worse Who's Afraid of Human Enhancement? The potential for reducing diseases, disabilities, and abnormalities on the one hand and to enhance performance on the other hand is great. Eventually children can be "designed. Clifton E. Anderson explains how it can help farmers feed future populations with better diets but also entails high risks.
View all 4 comments. Oct 23, Jannette added it. Just finished reading this book and all I have to say is that our country is more corrupt than I originally thought. This is a nonfiction book about the power elite and how it is intertwined with politics. It also reminds me of white supremacy ideology. View 2 comments.